What is the philosophy behind naming the new established system as both Islamic and Republic after abolishing the monarch and Pahlavi regime?

Answer: You know that after the victory of Islamic revolution the most critical decision was made on establishing a new political system.

Different groups and parties had their own views and suggestions. Some supported a democratic system and voted for a republic, some believed in an Islamic government and others desired an Islamic republic administration.

Imam Khomeini however deemed for a type of system which could be established based on both democracy and Islamic laws. Therefore he suggested Islamic Republic as a substitution for the monarchical corrupted system.

Eventually, the new system was established through a referendum on 12 of Farvardin 1357 titled the Islamic Republic of Iran.

From this perspective, Republic stands for the form of government while Islamic expresses its content and originality.   

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