Bursa  is the capital city of Bursa Province and is bordered by the Sea of Marmara and Yalova to the north; Kocaeli and Sakarya to the northeast; Bilecik to the east; and Kütahya and Balikesir to the south. Based on a research carried out in 2007, Bursa is the fourth most populated province in Turkey.
During the 1960's Bursa was a relatively quiet city and the means of communication with the outer world were scarce. Thus it met the needs of the Pahlavi regime, who wanted the Imam to have no contact with the outer world. .
Qom's security forces and the SAVAK intelligence services arrested Imam Khomeini in the early hours of the 4th of November 1964, and transferred him to Mehrabad international airport in Tehran. From there, he was exiled and was sent to live in Istanbul.
However after a week had passed, the Turkish authorities and the Iranian government decided to send the Imam to Bursa, which is situated in northwest Turkey. This was due to the fact that the Imam made contact with Iranian clergymen while he was in Istanbul. This worried Iran and Turkey and so Turkey proposed that the Imam should go and live in Bursa, which was a quiet city. Another reason why this particular city was chosen was due to the fact that Iranians were not very familiar with the whereabouts of this city. Imam Khomeini was forced to stay in Bursa for eleven months.
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