Imam Khomeini’s return to Iran marks dawn of victory

Imam Khomeini’s return to Iran marks dawn of victory

Imam Khomeini’s return on February 1, 1979 marked demise of the Shah regime and a declaration of the victory for masses and public.

Imam Khomeini embarked on a chartered airliner of Air France on the evening of January 31 and arrived in Tehran the following morning.

Imam Khomeini arrived in Tehran from Paris on February 1, 1979, received a rapturous welcome from millions of Iranians, and announced he would smash in the mouth of the Shah-installed Bakhtiar regime.

On February 5, the great leader named Mehdi Bazargan as Prime Minister of a provisional government. Although Bazargan did not immediately announce a cabinet, the move reinforced the conditions of dual authority that increasingly came to characterize the closing days of the Pahlavi Monarchy.

Until February 11, several senior military commanders had announced their allegiance to Imam  and the people. 

By late afternoon on February 12, the Shah installed puppet regime of Bakhtiar was in hiding, and key points throughout the capital were in public and masses’ hands.

The army's withdrawal from the streets was tantamount to a withdrawal of support for the Bakhtiar regime and acted as a trigger for a general uprising.


Millions celebrate Islamic Revolution anniversary


Millions of Iranians across the country have begun ten days of celebrations marking the 36th anniversary of the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution that put an end to the monarchy of the US-backed Pahlavi regime in the country.

The ceremonies started on Sunday morning at 9:33 am local time (0603 GMT), the time when the late founder of the Islamic Republic Imam Khomeini arrived back home on February 1, 1979 from exile.

Meanwhile, a special ceremony is underway at Imam Khomeini’s mausoleum in Tehran, which is attended by thousands of people from all walks of life as well as a host of senior state and military officials.

Simultaneously, special ceremonies are being held in more than 80 Iranian cultural centers in 60 countries to mark the first day of the Ten-Day Dawn period.


Imam Khomeini spent more than 14 years in exile, mostly in the Iraqi holy city of Najaf. He also spent some time in Turkey and France, before his return to Iran.

On this day, Ayatollah Khomeini was welcomed by millions of people who had converged on the capital Tehran from across the country. His arrival intensified popular protests against the US-backed Pahlavi regime, leading to its downfall ten days later.

The day when Imam Khomeini returned to Tehran marks the start of 10 days of celebrations better known as the 10-Day Dawn festivities, which culminate in nationwide rallies on February 11 this year, the anniversary of the triumph of the Islamic Revolution.

Earlier this week, Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei visited the mausoleum of the late Imam Khomeini to pay tribute to the founder of the Islamic Revolution.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and members of his cabinet also visited the mausoleum of the late Imam to renew their allegiance to the ideals of the founder Imam Khomeini. They were accompanied by the Imam's grandson, Seyyed Hassan Khomeini.

The Iranian nation toppled the US-backed Pahlavi regime 35 years ago, ending the 2,500 years of monarchic rule in the country.

The Islamic Revolution spearheaded by the late Imam Khomeini established a new political system based on Islamic values and democracy.

During the 10-Day Dawn festivities, Iranians take part in different events and activities to mark the victory of the Islamic Revolution.

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