The evolution of the modern town name is from Soltan Abad fortress, to Sultan Abad, to Iraq-e Ajam (Persian Iraq), and finally to its current name, Arak, in 1938.
Arak  is a city situated in the centre of Iran. Although during the early 1900's a Howze and Islamic university did exist in Arak, it was not very active or successful. In the year 1913 the people of Arak invited Hajj Abdul Karim Ha'eri Yazdi to their city and sought his help in making their Howze successful. He thus served in the Howza of Arak for eight years before leaving for Qom in 1922. He transformed the Howze and made it rise to the standard of Isfahan's Howze School, which at the time was the best in the country.
In 1920 Imam Khomeini left for Sultan Abad (Arak) to continue his studies under the guidance of Ayatollah Sheikh Abdul Karim Ha'eri. He respected Ayatollah Ha'eri a great deal. Imam Khomeini's room in Arak School was situated in the eastern part of the building in which he lived for about two years.
The late Ayatollah Ha'eri transferred Arak's Howze School to Qom in 1922. Thus Imam Khomeini also left Arak for Qom. In Qom, the Imam lived in the Darol Shafa School and continued his studies in the newly established school.
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