Iran marks Persian Gulf Day

Iran marks Persian Gulf Day

Iranian people held nationwide ceremonies on Sunday to celebrate the National Persian Gulf Day, to honor the historical and strategic significance of the strategic waterway, which lies to Iran’s south and takes its name from the country.

The Persian Gulf — which spans some 251,000 square kilometers — is bounded by the Arvand River in the north, which forms the frontier between Iran and Iraq, and the Strait of Hormuz in the south, which links the Persian Gulf to the Sea of Oman and the Indian Ocean.

The strategic inland sea is an international trade route connecting the Middle East to Africa, India, and China.

The vast body of water has been referred to by historians and ancient texts as “Persian” since the Achaemenid Empire was established in what is now modern-day Iran.

Every year, Iranians observe the Persian Gulf Day on the 10th of Ordibehesht, the second month on the Persian calendar, which falls on April 29 or 30 and coincides with the anniversary of a successful military campaign by the legendary Safavid dynasty ruler Shah Abbas I, which drove the Portuguese navy out of the Strait of Hormuz.

While historical documents show that the waterway has always been referred to as the “Persian Gulf,” certain Arab states and their allies have frequently used the fictitious name “the Arabian Gulf” to point to the body of water.

Meanwhile, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian says the security of the Persian Gulf will only be ensured with the participation of all the littoral states and that negligence from any party involved is unacceptable.

Amir-Abdollahian made the statement in a message on the occasion of the Persian Gulf Day, annually celebrated on April 29 or 30, which represents Iran’s anti-hegemonic stance and a dismissal of futile attempts by certain regional countries to rename the strategic body of water. It also coincides with the anniversary of the expulsion of the Portuguese Navy from the Strait of Hormuz in 1622.

“The Persian Gulf, as a unique transit route between Europe, Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and from a strategic point of view, is part of an important global connecting passage involving the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean,” Amir-Abdollahian said.

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